Sustainability of Smart Cities in Malaysia and the Philippines using ESG Model
06th ABRA International Conference on Quality of Life, Double Tree by Hilton Putrajaya Lakeside, Putrajaya, Malaysia 21-22 Nov 2022, E-BPJ, 7(21), Dec 2022 (pp. 145-155)
Kim Mee Chong, Geetha Subramaniam, Rashid Ating, Lenis Aislinn C. Separa, Tze Horng Tan
Using the environmental, social and governance (ESG) model, this study examines the sustainability of local communities living in smart cities in Malaysia and the Philippines. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 400 respondents living in smart cities in Malaysia and the Philippines. PLS-SEM was used to analyse the data using the Singapore smart city initiatives framework. Findings show that local communities' awareness, perception and
readiness to participate in the smart city initiatives impact smart city sustainability.
In line with SDG 11, towards a more sustainable city, the study provides micro-level data to show the significance of local communities who are ultimately the end-users.